2003

A new theory to explain the formation of the mountains of Western Europe will be unveiled in Melbourne today (Wednesday).

Until now, geoscientists worked on the basis that mountain ranges such as the Alps were formed when the tectonic plates carrying Europe and Africa came into collision. [click to continue…]

Some cases of breast cancer may be caused by a virus according to new research by scientists at the University of New South Wales and Prince of Wales Hospital. [click to continue…]

Drills, knives and blades that can last 100 times longer than conventional steel could save manufacturing industries and companies millions of dollars lost each year from broken or blunt tools. [click to continue…]

Researchers have shown how mutations in a key gene cause a rare but devastating inherited autoimmune disease – APS-1. They’ve revealed fundamental workings of our immune system – and how our bodies teach our defence systems not to engage in friendly fire. [click to continue…]

Sydney researchers have discovered how a specific protein causes scar tissue to be made in the lungs of asthmatic patients. [click to continue…]

Smoke from fires raging through tropical forests near coastal reefs can cause an algal bloom capable of killing virtually all coral and fish for hundreds of kilometres, according to new research by Australian National University scientists. [click to continue…]

An artificial mineral made with sugar could sponge up oil spills and replace cyanide in gold mining

A new class of materials developed by chemists at the University of Melbourne could spawn an industry for custom catalysts, molecular sieves and materials for nanotechnology. [click to continue…]

Plants can listen in on bacterial communication and can even mimic this communication, possibly in an attempt to stop any attacks, according to a breakthrough in scientific understanding announced today in Melbourne. [click to continue…]

New home builders and those looking to change their gardens may soon have the opportunity to visualise the changes in advance, using new technology that combines reality with computer generated virtual objects.

By wearing special goggles and a backpack computer, people can walk around outdoors and see the real world as it currently is.  They can then add new imagined features, and try out ideas such as putting in a new house or garden features such as a row of trees or a pool.

The Tinmith system was developed by Wayne Piekarski. He said that the newly added virtual objects can also be “moved” around the landscape by a viewer wearing special metallic gloves attached to the computer.

“What people see through the goggles is a combination of the existing landscape and the new added features,” Mr Piekarski said. “It makes real the things that were previously only fantasy in movies such as Minority Report and The Lawnmower Man.”

The helmet used in Tinmith provides augmented reality, and uses a set of special goggles that allow wearers to see the real world as well as artificial computer graphics. The backpack contains a computer and other equipment such as GPS (Global Positioning System).

“The applications are endless. This device could be used in surveying, mining, forestry, search and rescue and entertainment, as well as building construction and landscape design,” Mr Piekarski said.

Tinmith is one of the most advanced outdoor augmented reality systems in the world, and Mr Piekarski and his supervisor Dr Bruce Thomas are regarded as world experts in the field.

While the current backpack is a large and expensive prototype, Mr Piekarski expects the unit to shrink dramatically in cost and size if it is commercially produced in large quantities.

“By being able to see things in the real world before they are built, people can much more easily understand information. Looking at plans on paper or a computer monitor is difficult for most of us,” he said.

“Augmented reality tricks your brain into thinking the virtual objects are really there.”

The backpack is available for demonstrations and video opportunities if required.

On Tuesday and Wednesday Wayne will be presenting his work to the public at the Great Australian Science Show at the Melbourne Museum along with 15 other Fresh Scientists selected from over 100 nominations.

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Wayne Piekarski

Researcher / Lecturer University of South Australia, School of Computer & Info Science

Backpacking Scientist Rearranges The World Using Augmented Reality

Tinmith Mobile Outdoor Augmented Reality Project

Using a computer worn on the back and a set of virtual reality goggles, a user can walk around the outdoor environment and experience augmented reality. The user can see computer generated artificial trees, buildings, and other structures as if they existed in the real world. The user can edit these environments using hand gestures and special digital gloves.

Project description

This project was developed as part of my PhD thesis research at the University of South Australia. The main topic of the research was the development of interaction techniques for 3D modelling of large structures in outdoor augmented reality environments. Augmented reality is the process of adding computer generated graphics over a user’s view of the physical world. These graphics appear to the user as being a part of the normal real world, and when using a mobile computer, can be experienced outdoors while the user moves around. Augmented reality and mobile computers have a number of previously unsolved challenges that were addressed in my PhD thesis.

As part of my PhD thesis, I developed a backpack computer, software, and techniques that allow users to go outside and perform augmented reality modelling. The user puts on the backpack, gloves, and helmet, and then turns on the power. Through the helmet, the user can see the real world with some computer generated text floating on the display. The gloves allow the placement of 3D objects such as trees, tables, and people. The user can walk around and view these objects from anywhere in the world and the computer will draw these objects correctly over the normally viewed environment. The gloves allow the user to select and move these objects, editing the environment that is around them in real time. This demonstration has potential uses for landscape and environmental designers, who would like to see what a design would look like before physically constructing it.

A more powerful example is the modelling of arbitrary structures outdoors such as buildings, trees, and ground features. Using the gloves, the user can use their hands to place down walls and carve out 3D surfaces, even when the object is out of arms reach or partially concealed by obstructing objects. The user can perform this modelling process repeatedly until the object is of the desired shape and texture. The models can be shared with other wearable and indoor users via wireless Internet, or saved for future use. These models can also be previewed and then potentially turned into plans by an architect for physical construction. While my PhD thesis focussed on the more technical challenges, in the future I am planning to explore useful applications for the technology.

Personal details

Qualifications: Doctor of Philosophy – University of South Australia (Currently submitted for examination in June 2003); Bachelor of Engineering in Computer Systems Engineering – University of South Australia (First Class Honours) D1-07 Wearable Computer Lab, School of Computer and Information Science, University of South Australia

Natural light can be captured and transported to dark areas of a building without the need for windows or skylights using a new technology announced at Fresh Science in Melbourne today. [click to continue…]

The cells in our bodies talk with each other. Tapping into their communication could give an early warning of heart disease according to new research by Katharina Gaus, a researcher from the University of New South Wales. [click to continue…]

 Many pet snakes are venomous!

Big trouble for the global pet trade in snakes.

 Dr. Bryan Grieg Fry of the Australian Venom Research Unit at the University of Melbourne has discovered that the number of venomous snakes in the world is not around 250 but actually closer to 2700. [click to continue…]

Melbourne scientists plan to harness the strange appetite of newly discovered Australian bacteria to help purify arsenic-contaminated water. [click to continue…]

Scientists have discovered the ability of a protein which helps the brain heal itself.

This has established a promising direction for research, ultimately leading to possible clinical treatments for brain-related injuries including strokes, car accidents and spinal damage. [click to continue…]

Puberty blues: goby fish choose their sex to find a mate

New research on the Great Barrier Reef has revealed that some young reef fish can choose when they mature and which sex they want to be when they grow up. [click to continue…]

How bees shop

4 August 2003

in 2003

What can bees teach us about speed shopping? Does trading off speed for accuracy pay?

Bumblebees have been shown to have very fine colour vision – which they can use to find up to 5,000 flowers a day. [click to continue…]